The “guarantees” of Germany and Italy will only guarantee Czechoslovakian neutrality if the requirements of Hungary and Poland are met – that is, their guarantee will only be given, if as long as it is, when the division of Czechoslovakia has progressed further. It is to be feared that by then any guarantee, whether German and Italian or British, will have lost any meaning it might have had. The Czechoslovakians were appalled by the colony of Munich. They were not invited to the conference and felt betrayed by the British and French governments. Many Czechs and Slovaks describe the Munich agreement as a Munich diktat (Czech: Mnichovska diktéta); in Slovak: Mnechovska diktét). The phrase “Munich betrayal” (Czech: Mnichovska zrada; In Slovak: Mnechovska zrada) is also used because Czechoslovakia`s military alliance with France proved useless. This is also reflected in the fact that the French government, in particular, had considered that Czechoslovakia would be held responsible for any European war that would result if the Czechoslovak Republic defended itself by force against German abuses. In 1938, the Soviet Union was allied with France and Czechoslovakia. In September 1939, the Soviets were in every respect a fighter with Nazi Germany, due to Stalin`s fears that a second Munich agreement with the Soviet Union would replace Czechoslovakia. Thus, the agreement indirectly contributed to the outbreak of war in 1939. [60] The Munich quotation in foreign policy debates is also common in the 21st century. [107] During negotiations on the Iran nuclear deal by Secretary of State John Kerry, a Republican representative from Texas called the negotiations “worse than Munich.” In a speech in France, Kerry himself referred to Munich for military action in Syria: “This is our munich moment.” [108] In Munich, Hitler got what he wanted – the reign of Central Europe – and German troops invaded the Sudetenland on the night of 1 October. The day before, the Czech government had accepted the Munich Pact.

General Sirovy, the Czech Prime Minister, said on the radio that he had experienced the most tragic moment of his life: “I am carrying out the most painful task that may have fallen on me, a duty worse than death… the forces that are opposed to us compel us to recognize their superiority and act accordingly. In Germany, Josef Goebbels said: “We have all walked on a thin wire on a dizzying abyss… The world is filled with a frenzy of joy. Germany`s reputation has grown considerably. Now we are really back to being a world power. The American historian William L. Shirer estimated in his “Rise and Fall of the Third Reich” (1960) that Czechoslovakia, although Hitler was not bluffing about its intention to invade, could have resisted considerably.