As approved:Decided (two-thirds of the senators present agree) that the Senate advise and approve the ratification of the extradition treaty between the United States of America and France, which contains a record signed in Paris on April 23, 1996 (document 105-13), subject to the agreement of subsection a, the declaration of sub-part b, and the reservation in subsection (c). (a) Understanding. The deliberation and approval of the Senate is subject to the following agreement, which will be included in the instrument of ratification: prohibition of extradition to the International Criminal Court. The United States understands that the protective measures provided for in Articles 19 and 20 with respect to the rule of speciality are the re-cover of a person from the United States before the International Criminal Court, which was taken on the 17th unless the United States agrees to such a revival, unless the United States agrees to such a revival; and the United States does not agree to the transfer of a person extradited from the United States to France to the International Criminal Court agreed in Rome, Italy, on 17 July 1998, unless the treaty establishing that Court has entered into force for the United States by and with the Council and the approval of the Senate; As required by Article II, Section 2, of the United States Constitution. b) Explanation? The deliberation and approval of the Senate is subject to the following opinion, which binds the President: interpretation of the contract. The Senate reaffirms the applicability of the constitutional principles of treaty interpretation to all treaties, which are set out in condition (1) of the decision to ratify the FN Treaty, which was adopted by the Senate on 27 (8) of the decision on the ratification of the document agreed between the States parties to the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe. Approved by the Senate on May 14, 1997. (c) Reservation? The decision of ratification is subject to the following reservation, which cannot be included in the instrument of ratification to be signed by the President: the primacy of the Constitution. Nothing in the treaty requires or authorizes any laws or other measures of the United States of America, prohibited by the Constitution of the United States in its interpretation by the United States. “extraordinary transfer” means an extrajudicial procedure in which suspects, usually suspected terrorists or supporters of terrorist organizations, are transferred from one country to another. [57] The procedure is different from that of extradition, since the purpose of transfer is to extract information from suspects, while extradition is used to recover refugees so that they can be tried or served their sentence. The U.S.

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) reportedly set up an extraordinary global transfer program that, between 2001 and 2005, captured 150 people and transported them around the world. [58] [59] [60] [61] The so-called US program has triggered several official investigations in Europe into alleged secret arrests and illegal international transfers involving Council of Europe member states. A June 2006 Council of Europe report estimated that 100 people had been abducted by the CIA on EU territory (in collaboration with members of the Council of Europe) and transferred to other countries, often after passing through secret prisons (“black sites”) used by the CIA, some of which may be in Europe. . . .